2. Gather Your Safety Gear And Ingredients
Lye is not readily available in stores, so you need to get it beforehand. You can buy it here. Also, lye is an alkali and should be handled with care. It releases poisonous fumes when mixed with water. So, suit up in your safety gear before you start.
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You Will Need
- Safety goggles
- Latex or rubber gloves
- Long-sleeved shirt and pants (to cover the body parts)
- Heat resistant container (use stainless steel, tempered glass or polypropylene plastic containers. Do not use aluminum containers as they react with lye.)
- An emulsifying stick blender
- Rubber spatula
- Scale (for measuring the quantities)
- Soap mold (use plastic ones such as Tupperware or silicone molds)
Now, here’s how you can make soap.
For making two bars of aloe vera soap, you will need:
- 9 g (4 oz) vegetable fat
- 3 g (1 oz) aloe vera gel
- 3 g (1 oz) olive oil
- 86 g (1.9 oz) of distilled water
- 6 g (0.8 oz) lye
Note: The amounts of lye and distilled water will change depending on the ingredients and their amounts.
Apart from the basic ingredients mentioned above, you also need to add fragrance and skin conditioners to your soap. Here are a few things you can try:
- Oats (for acne-prone or inflamed skin)
- Sea salt (for softening your skin)
- Lavender essential oil (for a soothing scent)
- Lemongrass essential oil (for a zesty scent)
- Pumice or natural scrub pieces (for additional scrubbing)
Note: For essential oils, use 2-3 drops (of each oil in case you are using multiple oils) for each 100-gram bar of soap.
Cut the aloe vera plant and scoop out enough gel (as per the instructions). Set it on a paper towel until the yellow aloe juice stops oozing.
Measure the distilled water into a bowl. Don’t forget to zero out the weight of the container. Keep it aside.